Onderzoek

Onderzoek

Amnesty voerde jaren campagne voor een sterk Wapenhandelsverdrag, daarbij ondersteund door grondig onderzoek. Een overzicht.

  • Democratic Republic of the Congo: "If you resist, we'll shoot you": The DRC and the case for an effective Arms Trade Treaty
    Datum: 12 juni 2012
    Samenvatting: In July 2012 UN Member States are to agree the final text of a comprehensive Arms Trade Treaty. The experience of arms proliferation and abuse in the Democratic Republic of the Congo should help to persuade States to establish strict rules consistent with States' existing responsibilities under international law. This report focuses on several cases that illustrate the scale of crimes under international law committed by Congolese security forces and armed groups using a range of weaponry, munitions and other equipment.
                    
  • Sudan: No end to violence in Darfur: Arms supplies continue despite ongoing human rights violations
    Datum: 24 april 2012
    Samenvatting: The supply of various types of weapons, munitions and related equipment to Sudan in recent years, by the governments of Belarus, the People’s Republic of China and the Russian Federation, have allowed the Sudanese authorities to use their army, paramilitary forces, and government-backed militias to carry out grave violations of international human rights and humanitarian law in Sudan. This ongoing flow of new arms to Darfur has sustained a brutal nine-year conflict which shows little sign of resolution.
        
  • No arms for atrocities or abuses: Commit to an effective Arms Trade Treaty
    Datum: 23 januari 2012
    Samenvatting: Each year, the global trade in conventional arms carries an enormous human cost. In July 2012, UN member states will be invited to the UN conference to negotiate an Arms Trade Treaty. Now is the time to ensure that the Treaty contains the highest possible common standards for the import, export and transfer of conventional arms. This briefing documents five personal stories in the context of human rights violations committed or facilitated using conventional arms in law enforcement or military operations.
            
  • Arms trade to Middle East and North Africa shows failure of export controls
    Datum: 19 oktober 2011
    Samenvatting: A number of key arms manufacturing countries supplied large quantities of weapons to repressive governments in the Middle East and North Africa.
              
  • Key elements for implementation of the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT)
    Datum: 13 juli 2011
    Samenvatting: This document lists suggested key elements for “creating high common international standards” for national systems of licensing or authorisation for the export, import and other international transfers of conventional arms. It also sets out Amnesty International's position on key transparency measures and victim assistance.
             
  • Arms for Internal Security: Will they be covered by an Arms Trade Treaty?
    Datum: 17 juni 2011
    Samenvatting: There is now a chance in the UN to establish a global Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) setting out commonly-agreed rules for strict national regulation and international monitoring of the trade and transfer of conventional arms. This briefing paper includes Amnesty International's proposal for the inclusion of the scope of equipment into an ATT including an indicative list of the conventional arms and a summary definition. It also includes examples of conventional arms that may, inadvertently, be excluded from the scope of the ATT.
                   
  • Our Right to Know: Transparent Reporting under an Arms Trade Treaty
    Datum: 13 juni 2011
    Samenvatting: Public reporting is a key means by which the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) will become more than a set of obligations and actually affect States’ behaviour. Fully transparent reporting will build confidence amongst States and provide a basis for States and civil society to assess how the ATT is being applied in practice. This document focuses on why States should transparently report on their international arms trade and transfers. It also provides a brief overview of transparency initiatives to date, and outlines how a reporting mechanism could be incorporated into the Treaty.
                
  • How an Arms Trade Treaty can help prevent armed violence
    Datum: 2 maart 2011
    Samenvatting: Current United Nations discussions on the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) provide an opportunity to examine armed violence in the context of decisions concerning international transfers of conventional arms used in armed violence. This report is divided into two parts. Part I examines how an ATT with a clearly elaborated risk assessment process can make a contribution to the prevention and reduction of armed violence. Part II focuses on firearms-related homicide and emphasises the importance of adopting an approach to addressing armed violence that will encompass violence outside of armed conflict settings.
                             
  • Deadly Movements: Transportation Controls in the Arms Trade Treaty
    Datum: 19 juli 2010
    Samenvatting: The proposed Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) should be designed to prevent unauthorised or irresponsible international transfers of weapons, munitions and related equipment internationally. This briefing note explains that inadequate regulation of arms transportation is a global problem, not confined to jurisdictions with weak arms transfer controls. The Arms Trade Treaty provides a critical opportunity to define high common international standards to address the adequate regulation of the physical movement of conventional arms.
               
  • Reform of security forces in Guinea must deliver justice for Bloody Monday massacre
    Datum: 23 februari 2010
    Samenvatting: A new Amnesty International report documents extrajudicial executions, torture and other ill-treatment carried out by particular units of Guinea's armed forces in 2009.
                   
  • Controls on military assistance to Somalia must be tightened
    Datum: 21 januari 2010
    Samenvatting: Arms transfers should be suspended until there are adequate safeguards to prevent weapons from being used to commit war crimes and human rights abuses, says Amnesty International.
                
  • How to Apply Human Rights Standards to Arms Transfer Decisions
    Datum: 1 oktober 2008
    Samenvatting: In order to achieve a more effective regulation of the international arms trade, all international transfers of conventional weaponry, munitions and equipment should be carried out in accordance with states’ legal obligations. All states have obligations under international human rights law applicable to transfers of conventional arms. The purpose of this document is to assist states and regional organisations in applying their human rights obligations. It proposes guidelines for assessing the risk of a proposed transfer being used for serious violations of human rights.
               
  • Arms Trade Treaty could fail without human rights
    Datum: 17 september 2008
    Samenvatting: Every year, more than 300,000 people are killed with conventional weapons. Millions more are injured, abused, forcibly displaced and bereaved as a result of armed violence.